Winwick and Warrington History

Warrington is a New Town with several thousand years of history, shaped by the people who have lived here. It has been a Roman settlement, a medieval manor, a Victorian borough and most recently a New Town and unitary authority.

  1. Warrington is town at a crossroads – a gateway town (our Town hall Gates are a symbol of this)
  2. It is located at a natural crossing point of the River Mersey where the ancient north – south land route could pass over the river; first by ford and later by bridge.
  3. At Warrington this north/south land route crossed the east/west river route inland from the mouth of the Mersey along the Mersey valley
  4. Warrington’s location has given it regional, national and international links
  5. It has always been a border town; for much of its history in Lancashire and from 1974 in Cheshire
  6. The town’s history has been shaped by being a hub on the national transport network; first by road and river and later by canal; rail and most recently motorway
  7. Warrington’s location has helped it develop as a regional market town and commercial centre
  8. Its transport links ensured it played a significant role in the Industrial Revolution of the 18th & 19th centuries and by the 20th century Warrington had become a town of many industries (unlike many neighbouring towns)
  9. These industries linked the town to the wider world through its imports and exports
  10. From the 18th century Warrington also developed its cultural heritage; through its educational, religious and civic institutions; architecture; patronage of key industrialists; individuals and local societies.
  11. The town’s location and manufacturing industries has often seen it play a strategic role in times of war from medieval times to key military installations in World War II
  12. When traditional industries declined in the late 20th century Warrington’s diversification and its motorway links ensured that the town was well placed to attract new service and technology based industries
  13. The town’s industrial links and relative economic prosperity have long attracted new citizens from a variety of cultures
  14. The town’s diverse districts and citizens continue to contribute to Warrington’s distinct heritage
  15. Warrington’s unique history has shaped the present day town giving it a special place in today’s global society.
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